Session IV: Ice Patch Archaeology in the Taiga
Dates: August 18- September 8, 2018
Fees: $3,500 USD (For support in applying for external funding, please contact us.)
Skills: archaeological survey; mapping and GIS; ethnoarchaeology
Logistics: This session will be very logistically challenging (but very rewarding). Please apply for this only if you have a solid foundation of outdoor skills. Participants will move frequently between backcountry camps on foot or horseback. Water from local streams can be used for cleaning and purified for drinking water. Participants will take turns cooking VERY basic meals for the small team.
Description: NOMAD Science operates in the Darkhad Depression in part because it is an environmental and cultural crossroads. The high elevation densely forested taiga rings the more steppe-like grassy basin. The Tuvan reindeer herders and Darkhad herders (ethnic minorities in Mongolia, but the majority in the region) practice a mixed economy that combines hunting and herding strategies with a seasonally mobile movement scheme that utilizes different ecological niches at different times of the year. In 2019, Session IV will continue to explore the higher elevation taiga areas around the Darkhad Depression. Year round ice patches that have been utilized by both hunters and herders in the region potentially for millenia are increasingly melting due to global climate change and our team will be assessing these remnant ice patches for their research potential. Participants of this program must be particularly flexible, savvy in outdoor skills, and interested in backcountry camping, horseback riding, and backpacking. As there are no roads into the taiga, participants will travel exclusively on foot or on horseback.
Team members will conduct preliminary archaeological surveys and ethnographic interviews in order to begin to construct a predictive site model that will help to guide future archaeological activities. Remnant ice/snow patches will be investigated for their archaeological potential as they may contain organic artifacts not preserved elsewhere, but now threatened by climate change. Ethnoarchaeological methods will be employed to investigate activity areas and site structures at modern and historical camp sites. An inventory and map of available natural resources will help researchers to understand the distribution of materials used by people – both modern and ancient. Monitoring of looting and vandalism at will help the NOMAD Science team to understand the scope of the problem in and around the basin.